AI algorithms also give the images a much higher defin

Nevertheless, while the team once thought that AI offered all th

e solutions, a new question soon arose. Audience members asked: “Where’s the original flavor?”

After restoring the images to their original state, they soon began to realize that people still needed some nostalgia. For examp

le, old series made by Hong Kong-based company TVB usually have yellowing images, but many viewers co

mplained that its retro ambience had vanished after the color cast was corrected, Jiang says.

“People then said our restored version looked like a camera filter has been ad

ded,” Pei says with a bitter smile. “We then had to go back and adapt our methods.”

More complicated algorithms were later developed to carry out a tailored plan for each type of ser

ies, including those by TVB, Chinese mainland productions from the 1980s and Taiwan productions of the 199

0s. Some techniques in hands-on restorations were introduced later too, as Pei confesses even the best AI cannot handle every case.

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East China remained the most developed region in 2017, wit

Designated traffic lanes will be set aside on Beijing-Chongli Expressway for smooth traffic flow during the upcoming 2019 Bei

jing International Horticultural Exhibition, the capital’s transport authorities said on Monday, Beijing News reported.

The expo, which will kick off on April 29 and run until Oct 7, is expected to attract 16 million visitors from home and abroad.

The special lanes will be put in use on weekends and national holidays

(Labor Day, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival and National Day) during the ho

rticultural exhibition, according to Beijing Municipal Commission of Transportation.

While the special lanes are in use, only public transport vehicles, large pass

enger cars, certified Beijing Expo vehicles, road maintenance vehicles and emergency vehi

cles, such as police cars, firefighting vehicles and ambulances, will be allowed to run on these lanes.

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Ma described the early radiation as carpet bombing, sayin

g it causes collateral damage in the area around the tumor. A “satellite map” is needed for a precision strike, he said.

Ma and his team put forward an individualized irradiation range and dose standard for radi

otherapy. The result is a clear picture showing high – and low-risk areas, which then allows dose stratification.

In 2014, an atlas of organs at risk in nasopharyngeal cancer patients was published in

Radiotherapy and Oncology. It suggested tailoring both radiation doses and targets, and setting a reco

mmended safety dose for protecting 33 normal organs around the nasopharynx.

Today, the five-year overall survival rate for patients exceeds 80 percent at Sun Yat-sen Uni

versity Cancer Center, while the rate of severe side effects from radiotherapy has dropped by 24 percent.

Ma, who has won China’s National Science and Technology Award twice with his team, is grateful to more than 10,000

patients who have participated in his research, saying their courage is behind the progress in the treatment.

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Meanwhile, more than 8,000 officials were punishe

 after inspectors’ revisits to ensure rectification of violations they had found earlier.

Liu Changgen, director of the central environmental inspection office, said the fourth round of in

spections is the first to have more punished officials from land resources departments than from the ecolo

gical and environmental departments, which topped the list in the earlier rounds.

“Many may think the ecological and environment departments should top the list, as they shoulder

more of the responsibilities in environmental protection. But officials at various levels of the ec

ological and environmental departments have had their awareness in environmental protection strengthened in the

past few years, which has helped them better assume their responsibilities,” Liu said.

He said he expects to see increasingly strengthened awareness of protection in other departments, too.

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Li Ganjie, minister of ecology and environment, told a

 conference in March that a new round of central environmental inspectio

ns would be rolled out across the country in the next three years, starting this year, after the ap

proach proved successful in addressing environmental violations.

He said the new round will also cover central government bod

ies and State-owned enterprises, and inspectors will spend ano

ther year revisiting all areas to see whether or not the violations they found have been rectified.

The number of intellectual property rights cases handled by Chinese courts increased signif

icantly in 2018, showing that the country is increasingly aware of its importance in pursuing high-quality ec

onomic development, the Supreme People’s Court said on Monday in a white paper.

Courts at all levels accepted a total of 334,951 IPR cases in 2018, up

by 41.2 percent from the previous year, according to the court, which released the wh

ite paper – Intellectual Property Protection by Chinese Courts in 2018 – in Hefei, Anhui province.

Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong provinces, together with Beijing and Shanghai, rema

in the top contributors of cases, with the number of first-instance civil cases accepted by local courts rea

ching a combined 185,337 and covering 65.4 percent of the national total for IPR.

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The country’s central and western regions saw explo

sive year-on-year increases, with annual growth in Gansu, Guizhou and

Qinghai provinces of 290 percent, 157 percent and 155 percent, respectively.

The growth is inseparable from the regions’ economic strengths and potential, accord

ing to Li Shunde, a senior intellectual property researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Internet-related IPR cases have been surging in recent

years because of the rapid development of the sector, he said.

Of the 10 typical IPR cases last year that were released by the top court on Monday, three were internet-related.

“Efficiency in settling cases also improved significantly in 2018,” said Song Xiaoming, head of the court’s IPR tribunal.

Courts settled 319,651 cases during the year, including some they had accepted previously, Song said.

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Li Shunde, a senior intellectual property researcher at

at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, applau

ded the campaign as a timely and necessary step to regulate those providing stock images.

“We should abide by laws and litigation to protect copyright in

stead of abusing them to profit improperly,” he said.

On April 15, the Shanghai Observer reported that the company, which was founde

d in June 2000 and partners with the photo agency Getty Images in the United States, had faced increased co

pyright-related disputes since it set up a special rights protection division in 2016.

The company was involved 2,279 cases in 2017 and 1,908 last year, the report said, adding that most court rulings had been in its favor.

A search by China Daily for the company’s name on China J

udgments Online, a website operated by the Supreme People’s Court that discloses ve

rdicts, resulted in more than 1,600 lawsuits being found, most of them related to copyright.

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Contents regarding collective copyright managem

ent organizations, including stock image platforms, have been debatable and remain a key issue among lawmakers,” she said.

“I believe such copyright agencies will be regulated in the future version of the law after Visual

China’s incident, and our IP protection will also be further strengthened thanks to the case,” she added.

Different from many comments that criticized the company and its business, Chen sai

d it is “Okay” for stock image platforms to profit from selling images or filing copyright lawsuits.

“Proper commercial operations can help defend the rights of individual creators, as it is difficult a

nd costly for individuals to sift through seas of information and find out who infringes their rights,” she said. “Or su

ch platforms create a better environment for copyright owners to easily and effectively safeguard their rights.”

But she suggested the country set up a third-party to supervise

the platforms’ operation to prevent them from exercising the rights beyond the legal scope.

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Pan Juanjuan, another IP attorney from DeHeng Law Offic

es in Shanghai, called for stock image providers to give stricter self-examinatio

ns on their source of copyrights, “as the unclear source could also bring them a string of disputes”.

She said some stock image platforms that file a lawsuit for one image improperly used

remains controversial, adding it is believed to be a waste of judicial resources.

“One company might have improperly used a dozen of pictures on social media then it will face a doz

en of lawsuits. The amount of litigations will be huge for judicial resources to tackle,” she explained.

She said she hopes a stock image company, regulated with clear authorization, can resort more to non-litiga

tion solutions when dealing with infringement, for example, through negotiation and mediation.

To better regulate the image copyright market and balance the commercial providers, she also suggested the public to

set up a shared platform of stock image where uses, authors and content creators can authorize each other.

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The strong performance showcases Huawei’s resilien

 despite the security concerns it faces in some markets. Huawei has repeatedly said the

security llegations it faces are groundless and not supported by any factual evidence.

The city competition for talents in China heats up, as an incre

asing number of cities offer favorable housing policies to attract residents.

Ningbo in East China’s Zhejiang province is one of the most recent entrants to join in. L

ast Sunday, the city published its latest policy interpretation for talent attraction.

Fresh undergraduates and postgraduates moving to Ningbo for employment are given a one-off living sub

sidy of 10,000 yuan ($1,490) and 30,000 yuan, respectively. The city also offers a 200,000 to 600,000 yuan home purchase sub

sidy and a maximum of 8 million yuan in household settlement subsidies for eligible high-end talents.

Hohhot, the northern city in China’s Inner Mongolia autonomous region, offers qualified graduate

s 50 percent off for home purchases and two years of free accommodation in certain districts of the city to lure skilled personnel.

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